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Double Beam Nonwoven Fabric Making Machine

Double beam PP Nonwoven Fabric making Machine HG NONWOVEN MACHINERY CO.,LTD www.hgnonwoven.com. In Spun bonding, the controlled heat is applied normally from 1400C to 1650C for bonding the non-woven fabrics. In addition, this type of bonding is applied to raw materials, which are thermoplastic...

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Double beam PP Nonwoven Fabric making Machine

HG NONWOVEN MACHINERY CO.,LTD

www.hgnonwoven.com.


In Spun bonding, the controlled heat is applied normally from 1400C to 1650C for bonding the non-woven fabrics. In addition, this type of bonding is applied to raw materials, which are thermoplastic in nature for e.g. polypropylene, polyester chips etc.Here a low melt fibre or bicomponent fibre is introduced at the web formation stage to perform the binding function later in the process but the web fibre itself can be used.In Spun bonding, heat energy is being use to stimulate an adhesive, which in turn flows to thermoplastic fibre juncture and interlocks the fibres upon cooling. The bonding agent may be individual fibres portions of individual fibres, or powders. Advantages of Spun bonding comprise low cost and the wide accessibility of binder materials and machines. Recently the use of Spun bonding is more popular than chemical bonding for medium weight nonwovens production.

Spun bonding is achieved as the result of a sequence of three events:

· Heating or heating,

· Flowing,

· Cooling

Three basic methods of heating or drying are used for Spun bonding: conduction, radiation, and convection.

Conduction: is the transfer of energy between objects that are in physical contact. Here direct contact heating is done with heated calendar rolls. For area or surface glazing, smooth rolls are used. For point bonding, patterned or embossed rolls are used. Thermal calendaring is most efficient in terms of heat loss, but heavy roll pressures tend to destroy fabric loft.

Radiation: is the transfer of energy to or from a body by means of the emission or absorption of electromagnetic radiation. For lofty or thick structures, this effect yields a bond intensity gradient throughout the fabric thickness. Radiant heating systems are used mostly for applications, which require instant heating and concentrated heating zones.

Convection: is the transfer of energy between an object and its environment, due to fluid motion. Convection heating methods pass heated air through the nonwoven web and are used to bond many medium and heavy weight nonwovens. Two common commercial configuration are multi mode through-air ovens and compact through-air ovens.

Advantage of Spun bonding over other web bonding:

· From an energy point of view, modern Spun bonding requires no heat for water elimination, which is very proficient.

· Production lines for thermal-bonded nonwovens also require less floor space & operator. Also the production rates of fabric production are very high.

· Thermal-bonded nonwovens are usually softer and drier, have superior strength per unit weight, and are permeable and absorbent for the reason that of very smaller bonding points.

Characteristics of Spunbond fabrics are:
The desired characteristics of Spunbond nonwoven fabrics are:

· Burst strengths,

· Elongation-to-break,

· Porosity and

· Stability to heat and chemicals

· Tear,

· Tensile,

· Thickness,

· Gram per square meter (GSM) range from 10 to 150

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The sequence of processes is as follows: polymer preparation ---> polymer feeding, melting, transportation and filtration ---> Extrusion ---> Quenching ---> Drawing ---> Laydown ---> Bonding ---> Winding.

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